macrohistory & world report

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Map locatons of Trinidad and Tobago

The islands of Trinidad and Tobago

Wealth and National Well-Being

Country Comparisons: chart

World Factbook: "Trinidad and Tobago has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site for international businesses and has one of the highest growth rates and per capita incomes in Latin America...Trinidad and Tobago is the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, and its economy is heavily dependent upon these resources but it also supplies manufactured goods, notably food products and beverages, as well as cement to the Caribbean region.,,The country is also a regional financial center, and tourism is a growing sector, although it is not as important domestically as it is to many other Caribbean islands.

Economic growth rate
2011: minus 1.4%
2010: minus 0.6%
2009: minus 3.5%

Work force in agriculture
2007: 3.8%

Pulic debt
2011: 31.7%

2011: exports are 161.6% of imports in cash value, a favorable balance.

Exports petroleum and petroleum products, liquefied natural gas (LNG), methanol, ammonia, urea, steel products, beverages, cereal and cereal products, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus fruit, vegetables, flowers

Health expenditures
2009: 5.6% of GDP


Living in an urban area
2010: 14%

Density for 2005: 212 persons per square kilometer.

Net migration rate
2012: A net loss of 6.76 persons per 1,000 population

Ethnic groups
2000 census: Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8%

2000 census: Roman Catholic 26%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9%


Trinidad is 2 kilometers off the coast of Venezuela. Tobago is the smaller island, about one kilometer wide and 40 kilometers long and 40 kilometers north Trinidad. Together the islands are equivalent to 71.6 by 71.6 kilometers or roughly 45 by 45 miles. Tropical. Some hills and low mountains.


Parliamentary democracy. President elected by members of the legislature (Senate and House) for a five-year term. Legislators are elected by popular vote for five-year terms. Capital: Port-of-Spain.

Recent History

Independence from Britain in 1962.


Copyright © 2009-2013 by Frank E. Smitha. All rights reserved.